The essential core theme ‘The reduced humanity’, from Enrique Tierno Galván is based on the review will notion of value, through the relationship dialectic quality / quantity and character of aggregation of the antinomy. Not having a narrow view of this relationship, Galván considers the quality one pervasive condition of quantity. That would be the uncritical and absolute expression, emotional nature, which nullify any global and relational view, as a social phenomenon: “(…) Su fundamento, sin que esto implique un critério genético, está en la experiencia primaria de los sentidos. La flor está impregnada de olor, la mujer de beleza, el santo de bondade, y dando un paso más la naturaleza está impregnada de vida” “(GALVÁN, 1970: 11).
Having regard to the ineffable nature of quality, as could be justified sociologically the ‘good’ element, ‘excellent’ or ‘different’, a specific fact? If the quality was the maximum gauge, then it could only be equal with him, and could not admit and express the relative and global. The ‘good’ or ‘excellent’ would always be ‘the best’, never ‘less good’ or ‘less distinto’.On the advent of the industrial capitalism, the quality loses the distinctive character and the metaphysical trace what was considered. Moves from ‘unjustified’ conventionally ‘justified’ by its quantitative expression, leading to the dominance of ‘form’ on the ‘content’, the ‘appearance’ against the ‘ideal’. The best example turns out to be the economic reality.
Someone who is rich, looking for something more to justify it in terms of distinction. Do not just ‘be’, you need to ‘look’ and as regards Galván, a petty bourgeois want to ascend to a higher level of merit, seeking to take the place and the status of the old nobility. With the growth of the consumer society. and the omnipotence of the goods, the petty bourgeois want to buy ‘class and quality’, would elevate the quality, while pervasive condition of existence. Thus, the quality shall be defined as the quantity ‘is one that has very good’. The moral qualities and primary transmute in materials and secondary qualities, breaking the canons of convivial language and aesthetics, simple, moralistic and authentic: “Cuando don José Ortega y Gasset escribió ‘La rebelión de las masas’ estaba expressando com la admirable intuición que poseía para los fenómenos colectivos, el paso de la cualidad a la cantidad” (GALVÁN,1970:19). Nowadays, thinking is to measure’ the quality / quantity becomes especially conflicting, dynamic, not determinable, and therefore, the respective boundaries are thin.
Tierno Galván, putting the emphasis on procedural and dynamic nature of the antinomy (quality / quantity), tries to find analytical synthesis, is to determine the equilibrium point (the “boundary”) of thist evaluation:“Cuando se habla de la honradez, por ejemplo, en raras ocasiones se contrapone esta cualidad a las condiciones de la sociedad capitalista que hacen de la honradez un mito. Una analítica cuidadosa de la honradez – la cualidad de ser honrado – llevaria las más de las veces a identificar honradez con sumisión al sistema de inmoralidad generalmente establecido” (GALVÁN,1970:29).
Tierno Galván out under the evaluative reductionism of ‘quality’, demotion or reduction of intellectual concepts, parallel to the reduction of own ideas. These, to lose its aura of intrinsic value, are naturally sent to concrete, particular strongholds. This is the case exemplifies Galván, the concept of ‘freedom’. Freedom no longer have a quality to become ‘freedom to’ (private) in attention to ‘means’ and (s) is (s) procedure (s). It is not the ‘be’ what is at stake, but the ‘how’ typical of a reduction of the scope of action and general experience (see GALVÁN, 1970: 98). The old connection between the general and the particular, becomes increasingly weak, those remaining as simple denotation of a chance.
The reduction becomes the particular stronghold of action (pragmatic). Be reduced is then live results in a world already done, not create principles in a world undone. The rear becomes basically handle, wherein the status viewer (contemplative) becomes observer (odd). Thus, the fragmentation of knowledge is represented on the development organization, techniques and methodologies that we can observe. While the beholder creates and reborn, the observer is repeated every note, as required by the collective organization.
The empirical mentality becomes ‘quality’, own the small man, in exact proportion to quantity-mass (information), and ‘mass-man’ and ‘man-reduced’ become similar expressions in full advanced capitalist society, as well says our author: “Una de estas culminaciones visibles es el período actual. Las cualidades no han desaparecido, pero se subordinan a la cantidad”, (GALVÁN,1970: 38).