In short terms we could say that Postmodern is a cultural designation, but non-consensual; it can has several ways of working and different uses, but in general we understand that ‘postmodern’ can be a term which means:
|1. ‘after modernism’ –It assumes, extends the modern tendencies already present in modernism (rationality), not necessarily in strict chronological succession, or working out questions and problems implicit in modernism without a break from core assumptions
2. against modernism – It subverts, resisting, opposing, or countering features of modernism
3. equivalent to “late capitalism” – It’s the culture dominated by post-industrial, consumerist, multi- and trans-national capitalism, beginnings of globalization
4. historical era following the modern – It’s an historical time-period marker, recognizing cultural, ideological, and economic shifts without a new trajectory (triumphalism) or privileging of values
5. artistic and stylistic eclecticism (aesthetic postmodernism) – It’s a product of hybridization – forms and genres – combining “high” and “low” cultural forms and sources, mixing styles of different cultures or time periods, dehistoricizing and re-contextualizing styles in architecture, visual arts, literature, philosophy
6. “global village” phenomena: globalization of cultures, races, images, capital, products – It’s the “information age”, redefinition of nation-state identities, which were the foundation of the modern era; dissemination of images and information across national boundaries, a sense of erosion or breakdown of national, linguistic, ethnic, and cultural identities; a sense of a global mixing of cultures on a scale unknown to pre-information era societies.